Total Marks – 200
Paper I
Marks – 100
Part A

1. Political Theory
a. Western political thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke,
Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Marx, Lenin, Mao
b. Muslim political thought: Al-farabi, Al-Mawardi, Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi, Al-Ghazali, Ibn-e-
Khaldun, Iqbal
Part B
2. The nature and emergence of modern state system, Islamic concept of state
3. political concepts: Sovereignty, law, liberty, equality, rights and duties
4. Political dynamics: Public opinion, propaganda, political parties, pressure groups
5. Political Institutions: Legislature, executive, judiciary, political elites, civil and military bureaucracy
6. Forms of government: Monarchy, democracy, dictatorship, unitary and federal, Presidential and
7. Totalitarianism: Fascism, communism
8. Local self-government: Theory and practice with special reference to Pakistan
Paper II
Marks – 100

Part A
1. Selected political systems: Nature and dynamics of major political institutions in USA, UK, France
and former Soviet Union
Part B
2. Political systems of developing countries: Turkey, Iran, India and China
3. Rise of Muslim nationalism in South Asia with special reference to the role of Sir Syed Ahmad
Khan, Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah
4. A comparative and critical analysis of the 1956, 1962, 1973 and 1985 Constitutions of Pakistan


Total Marks – 200
Paper I
Marks – 100

Candidates will be asked to attempt three questions from Section A and two questions from Section B
Section A
Modern Algebra
1. Groups, subgroups, languages, theorem, cyclic groups, normal sub-groups, quotient groups,
fundamental theorem of homomorphism. Isomorphism theorems of groups, inner
automorphosms. Conjugate elements, conjugate sub-groups, commutator sub-groups
2. Rings, sub rings, integral domains, quotient fields, isomorphism theorems, field extension and
finite fields
3. Vector spaces, linear independence, bases, dimensions of a finitely generated space, linear
transformations, matrices and their algebra. Reduction of matrices to their echelon form. Rank
and nullity of a linear transformation
4. Solution of a system of homogenous and non-homogenous linear equations. Properties of
determinants. Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Eigen values and eigenvectors. Reduction to canonical
forms, specially digitalization
Section B
1. Conic sections in Cartesian coordinates, Plane polar coordinates and their use to represent the
straight line and conic sections. Cartesian and spherical polar coordinates in three dimension.
The plane, the sphere, the ellipsoid, the paraboloid and the hyperboloid in Cartesian and
spherical polar coordinates
2. Vector equations for plane and for space-curves. The arc length. The osculating plane. The
tangent, normal and bi-normal. Curvature and torsion. Serre-Frenet’s formulae. Vector equations
for surfaces. The first and second fundamental forms. Normal, principal, Gaussian and mean
Paper II
Marks – 100

Candidates will be asked to attempt any three questions from Section A and two questions from Section
Section A
Calculus and Real Analysis
1. Real numbers, limits, continuity, differentiability, indefinite integration, mean value theorems.
Taylor’s theorems, indeterminate form. Asymptotes, curve tracing, definite integrals, functions of
several variables. Partial derivates. Maxima and minima. Jacobeans, double and triple integration
(Techniques only). Applications of Beta and Gamma functions. Areas and volumes. Riemann-
Stieltje’s integral. Improper integrals and their conditions of existence. Implicit function theorem.
Absolute and conditional convergence of series of real terms. Rearrangement of series, uniform
convergence of series
2. Metric spaces. Open and closed spheres. Closure, interior and exterior of a set
3. Sequence in metric space. Cauchy sequence, convergence of sequences, examples, complete
metric spaces, continuity in metric spaces. Properties of continuous functions
Section B
Complex analysis
Function of a complex variable, Demoiver’s theorem and its applications. Analytic functions, Cauchy’s
theorem. Cauchy’s integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series. Singularities. Cauchy residue theorem
and contour integration. Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Analytic continuation.


Total Marks – 100

1. Public administration: Its nature and scope, the role of public administration in a modern welfare
2. Major schools of thought in administration: Scientific Management Movement. Human relationists,
behavioral school, systemic theory
3. Bureaucracy: Concept of bureaucracy, theories of bureaucracy, ecology of bureaucracy,
bureaucracy of Pakistan as a change agent
4. Administrative leadership: Approaches to the study of leadership, forms of leadership, leadership
5. Administrative accountability: Internal and external controls, executive control, legislative control,
judicial control, Ombudsman, public opinion and pressure groups, problems of administrative
accountability in Pakistan
6. Planning: Types of plans, planning process, principles of planning, planning machinery, the
system of planning and programming in Pakistan. Planning machinery in Pakistan
7. Organization: Types of organization, theories of organization, principles of organization, the
organization of federal and provincial governments in Pakistan. Public corporations in Pakistan
8. Personnel administration: Nature and scope of personnel administration, personnel functions,
tools of personnel management, salient features of the system of Public Personnel Management
in Pakistan
9. Controlling and coordination: Forms of controls, control mechanism, the process of control,
principles of controlling, principles of coordination, machinery for coordination, problems of
coordination in public administration in Pakistan
10. Communication: Types of communication, communication channels, communication process,
principles of communication
11. Financial administration: Elements of financial administration, performance and programmed
budgeting, capital budget. Principles of budgeting, auditing and accounting.


Total Marks – 200
Paper I
Marks – 100

Detailed study of a literary age (19th Century)
The paper will cover the study of English literature from 1798 to 1900 with special reference to the
works of W. Blake, Wordsworth, Shelly, Keats, Byron, Charles Lamb, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert
Browning, Hardy, George Elliot, J.S. Mill, Ruskin and Oscar Wilde.
Evidence of first hand reading will be required. The paper will be designed to test not only the
candidates’ knowledge of the prescribed authors but also their understanding of the main literary
trends during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural background of the
Period also be included.
Paper II
Marks – 100

The paper will require first hand knowledge of the text prescribed as well as general awareness of the
authors’ major works and will be designed to test the candidates’ critical ability
1 Shakespeare Hamlet
2 Swift Gulliver’s Travels
3 Jane Austin Pride and Prejudice
4 Shaw Pygmalion
5 Yeats The Second Coming, Sailing to Byzantium, Among School Children
6 T.S. Eliot The Waste Land
7 D.H. Lawrence Sons & Lovers
8 Earnest
Old Man & The Sea
9 Samuel Backet Waiting for Godot
10 Robert Frost The Pasture, Revelation, The Tuft of Flowers, After Apple Picking,
Mending Wall, The Road Not Taken, An Old Man’s Winter Night, Birches,
Fire and Ice, Stopping by Woods, West-running Brook, Desert Places.


Total Marks – 100
Paper I
Marks – 100

1. Micro Economics: Consumer Behaviour, Determination of market demand and supply, theory of
the Firm, producer’s equilibrium pricing of the factors of production
2. Macro Economics: Basic economic concepts, National Income Accounting, consumption function
and multiplier, determination of equilibrium level of income and output, inflation
3. Money and banking: Functions of money, Quantity Theory of money, the Fisher and Cambridge
Formulations, systems of note issue, credit creation, functions and central banks, instruments of
credit control, Theory of Liquidity Preference
4. Public Financing: Government expenditure, sources of government revenue, types of taxes,
incidence of different taxes, public debt, objectives, methods of repayment, deficit financing
5. International Trade: Theory of comparative cost, arguments for protection, balance of payments,
international liquidity, international money and banking institutions
Paper II
Marks – 100
Pakistan’s Economy

1. Definition and measurement of development, characteristics of under development, rethinking on
the concept of development, Growth vs. Redistributive Justice, absolute and relative poverty,
basic needs approach
2. Planning experience of Pakistan: A critical evaluation of the strategy of economic planning
3. Agricultural development in Pakistan: Changes in agriculture policies over plan periods, major
monetary and fiscal measures to promote agricultural development, Green Revolution strategy
and its implications for growth and redistribution, Land Reforms and changes in the tenure
system 1950 – 1980, Cooperative Farming
4. Industrial development in Pakistan: Early industrialization strategy, creation of Financial and
Development Institutions, major monetary and fiscal measures to promote industrial
development, changing role of public sector over the plan periods, evaluation of nationalization
policy, concentration of industrial income and wealth
5. Role of foreign trade and aid in economic development. Trends of Pakistan’s Balance of
Payments, changes in direction of trade, trends in Pakistan’s major exports and imports, causes
of significant changes in the trends, the role of migration and remittances in Pakistan’s economy,
costs and benefits of Foreign Aid
6. Privatization, denationalization and deregulation, conceptual and operational aspects, international comparisons


Total Marks – 100

Candidates will be asked to attempt total five questions. They will attempt at least one question from
each section. Each question will carry 20 marks.
Section A
Computer Architecture: Introduction to modern machine Architecture, Storage Hierarchy, Main /
Virtual / Cache / Secondary memory, CPU, ALU, Peripheral communication, designing of instruction
set, stored programme concept, introduction to parallel computing, SIMD / MIMD
Operating system: Functions / Types of operating systems, Processes, Interprocesses,
Communication / Synchronization / Coordination, Process Scheduling Policies, Visual Memory
Management Techniques, Paging / Segmentation, File Management Systems
Computer Networks: LAN / WAN / MAN, communication channels, internetworking, internet, network
layer structure, ISO Internet Protocol, OSI / TCP / IP reference model
Section B
Structured and Object Oriented Programming
Basics of C/C++ environment, memory concepts, operators, control structures, selection structures,
Array & functions / methods, classes & data abstractions, inheritance and polymorphism
Data Structures and Algorithms
Pseudo language, functions, iteration, recursion, time / complexity analysis, stacks queue, hashing,
linked list, searching, sequential, binary, sorting algorithms, graphic algorithms, tree algorithms, trees,
ADTs, implementation using structured / object oriented languages
Software Engineering
Introduction to software engineering, software life cycle, software design methodologies, structured /
object oriented, software documentation and management, introduction to CASE tools
Section C
Database Management
Data, Models, E R Models, Relational Database concepts, SQL normalization, Database Design
Web Programming
HTML, CGI, PERL, JAVA, Applet / Script, WWW, Web based interface design
Computer Graphics
Fundamentals of input, display and hard copy devices, scan conversion of geometric primitives, 2D
and 3D geometric transformations, clipping and windowing, scene modeling and animation,
algorithms for visible and surface determination